Epidemiological Mapping of Dog Bite Cases Reporting To Anti-Rabies Vaccination Out-Patient Unit of A Tertiary Care Hospital


  • US Saurabha Consultant Epidemiologist, IDSP, NCDC, Delhi
  • Ravindra S Kembhavi Department of Community Medicine, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hos-pital, Mumbai




Dog bite, epidemiological mapping, animal bite, ARV, neglected tropical disease


Context: Rabies remains a public health challenge in many parts of the world with over 90% of human rabies cases worldwide attributed to dog bites. In India the annual incidence of dog bite is 1.9%. The study was conducted to analyse the distribution of dog bite cases as per time, place and person.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted between Jan-2016 and Dec- 2017. A total of 228 victims of dog bite were interviewed. They were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Data was analysed using SPSS. Spot maps were prepared.

Results: The proportion of adults being bitten by dog was more than that of children. Most of the bites occurred after evening hours. There was similarity in the place of residence and place of occurrence of bite in 81% of the cases. A statistically significant association was seen between the type of occupation and place of occurrence of dog bite.

Conclusion: Epidemiological mapping of dog bite cases gives more insight to understand the problem and aids in planning control measures against occurrence dog bite. Most dog bites occurred at hours when the man dog interaction was highest. The individuals working in outdoor type of occupation are at high risk for dog bite.


Weiss HB, Friedman DI, Coben JH, Friedman DI, Coben JH. Incidence of Dog Bite Injuries Treated in Emergency Departments. JAMA 1998;279:51–3.

Shah V, Bala D V, Thakker J, Dalal A, Shah U, Chauhan S, et al. Epidemiological determinants of animal bite cases attending the anti- rabies clinic at V S General Hospital , Ahmedabad. Healthline 2012;3:66–8.

World Health Organization. Neglected tropical diseases − Summary. Geneva:2016.

World Health Organization. Driving Progress Towards Rabies Elimination - Results of GAVI’s Learning Agenda on rabies and new WHO position on rabies immunization. Geneva:2018.

World Health Organization. Regiional Office for South-East Asia. Rabies.New Delhi, India: 2018.

Asad Mansuri F, Muhammad Ashraf Jahangeer Al-Saani S, Ahmed Khan W, Islam N. Epidemiological features of dog bite and its awareness among victims: Report from Abbasi Shaheed Hospital Karachi. ASH KMDC 2016;21:88–93.

National Rabies Control Programme - National Health Portal Of India. Available at: https://www.nhp.gov.in/ national-rabies-control-programme_pg. Accessed on June 27, 2019.

Sudarshan MK, Mahendra BJ, Ashwath Narayan DH. A community survey of dog bites, anti-rabies treatment, rabies and dog population management in bangalore city. J Commun Dis 2001; 33(4): 245-51.

STROBE (Strengthening The Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology) Checklist. Availabe at: https:// www.elsevier.com/__data/promis_misc/ISSM_STROBE_Checklist.pdf. Accessed on June 1, 2019

Vijayan C, Kumar A. Assessing the burden of human dog bite cases in Puducherry, India. Int J Curr Res 2016;8:40589–93.

Tondare SB, Tondare MB, Maka SS, Usturge SM, Tondare AB. Injuries due to dog bites : a cause of concern. Int Surg J 2016;3:1456–9.

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Dog bite incidence and associated risk factors A cross-sectional study on school children in Tamil Nadu. Seligsohn D. 2014.

Georges K, Adesiyun A. An investigation into the prevalence of dog bites to primary school children in Trinidad. BMC Public Health 2008;8:1–7. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-85.




How to Cite

Saurabha U, Kembhavi RS. Epidemiological Mapping of Dog Bite Cases Reporting To Anti-Rabies Vaccination Out-Patient Unit of A Tertiary Care Hospital. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2020 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];11(12):440-4. Available from: https://www.njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/169



Original Research Articles