Prevalence of Anxiety Among Antenatal Women in An Urban Area of Belagavi
Keywords:Antenatal anxiety, PASS, Screening
Background: A woman is highly vulnerable to anxiety and stress during her pregnancy causing negative effect in somatic and psychological forms like Intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight and preterm birth in child. Maternal anxiety not only leads to adverse effect on pregnancy outcome but also decreases maternal competence in childcare.
Aims/Objectives: To determine the prevalence of antenatal anxiety among women attending Ashok Nagar UHC and identify the associated risk factors.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was done for 3 months in 320 antenatal women attending antenatal clinic at Ashok Nagar UHC. Data collection was done using a pre designed and pre tested questionnaire.
Results: The prevalence of antenatal anxiety was 31.2%. Among them 30% had mild to moderate anxiety and only 1.2% had severe anxiety. Prevalence of anxiety was higher in younger women and with lower literacy status.
Conclusion: Antenatal anxiety is of major public health importance but its effect on mother is not considered to be a serious issue in the society. There is a need for regular antenatal screening, assessment and treatment of antenatal anxiety.
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