Vulnerability To Health in A Ward of Bengaluru: Insights from A Mobile-Based Survey


  • Ravish KS Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • Ashwini Lonimath Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • Vani HC Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • I Sushil Kumar Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • Ranganath TS Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India



Vulnerability, Health, Urban Poor, Slums, Assessment


Context/Background: Rapid urbanization has resulted in a growing number of people living in under-served areas with inadequate and overburdened infrastructure and services, worsening of environmental factors. Sustainable Development Goal 11: “sustainable cities and communities”, highlights, there is an ur-gent need to re-orient the community development strategies by adopting economically & technologically sustainable models.

Aims/Objectives: An application-based household survey to assess the vulnerability and Health condi-tions among the urban poor of slums in Bengaluru.

Methodology: The tool for Vulnerability Assessment by Government of India was modified to develop a user-friendly tool for Community Health Workers in an Android–based smartphone application (Namma Samudaya). Data was collected through house-to-house survey.

Results: A total of 3165 households (HHs) were surveyed. Among these, 54.2% of the HHs belong to vul-nerable category and 45.8% to highly vulnerable group.

Conclusions: Domain-wise analysis showed, Residential -25.2% of HHs were located besides polluted wa-ter Social - “No social support” and “disability” was reported by 3% of households each; Health-Related - Catastrophic Health expenditure in the past 1 year was reported by 40.4% HHs. The baseline information of slums & their geographic mapping obtained during the survey can be used as foundation for effective plan-ning of health care services.


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How to Cite

Ravish KS, Ashwini Lonimath, Vani HC, I Sushil Kumar, Ranganath TS. Vulnerability To Health in A Ward of Bengaluru: Insights from A Mobile-Based Survey. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 31 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];13(08):508-14. Available from:



Original Research Articles