Vulnerability To Health in A Ward of Bengaluru: Insights from A Mobile-Based Survey

Authors

  • Ravish KS Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • Ashwini Lonimath Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5978-6285
  • Vani HC Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • I Sushil Kumar Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India
  • Ranganath TS Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute (BMCRI), Bengaluru, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.130820222129

Keywords:

Vulnerability, Health, Urban Poor, Slums, Assessment

Abstract

Context/Background: Rapid urbanization has resulted in a growing number of people living in under-served areas with inadequate and overburdened infrastructure and services, worsening of environmental factors. Sustainable Development Goal 11: “sustainable cities and communities”, highlights, there is an ur-gent need to re-orient the community development strategies by adopting economically & technologically sustainable models.


Aims/Objectives: An application-based household survey to assess the vulnerability and Health condi-tions among the urban poor of slums in Bengaluru.


Methodology: The tool for Vulnerability Assessment by Government of India was modified to develop a user-friendly tool for Community Health Workers in an Android–based smartphone application (Namma Samudaya). Data was collected through house-to-house survey.


Results: A total of 3165 households (HHs) were surveyed. Among these, 54.2% of the HHs belong to vul-nerable category and 45.8% to highly vulnerable group.


Conclusions: Domain-wise analysis showed, Residential -25.2% of HHs were located besides polluted wa-ter Social - “No social support” and “disability” was reported by 3% of households each; Health-Related - Catastrophic Health expenditure in the past 1 year was reported by 40.4% HHs. The baseline information of slums & their geographic mapping obtained during the survey can be used as foundation for effective plan-ning of health care services.

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Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

1.
Ravish KS, Ashwini Lonimath, Vani HC, I Sushil Kumar, Ranganath TS. Vulnerability To Health in A Ward of Bengaluru: Insights from A Mobile-Based Survey. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 31 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];13(08):508-14. Available from: https://www.njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/2129

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Original Research Articles